37th Term Meeting of the Permanent Council of TURKSOY in Osh
The Permanent Council of TURKSOY held its 37th Term Meeting in Osh, the Cultural Capital of the Turkic World 2019
The meeting which took place on November 30th, 2019 gathered the Minister of Culture Information and Tourism of Kyrgyzstan Azamat Jamankulov, the Mayor of Osh Taalaybek Sarybashov, TURKSOY Secretary General Dusen Kasseinov, the Deputy Minister of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey Nadir Alp Aslan, the Deputy Minister of Culture of Azerbaijan Rafik Bayramov, the Deputy Minister of Culture and Sports of Kazakhstan Nurkisa Dauyeshov, the Deputy Minister of Culture of Uzbekistan Kamola Akilova, the Deputy Minister of Culture of Turkmenistan Gurbanmurad Myradaliyev and members of delegations of TURKSOY member countries along with heads of international institutions and guests.
Following the opening session, the meeting went on with the presentation of the financial report and the estimated budget of TURKSOY by the Deputy Secretary General of TURKSOY, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bilal Çakıcı.
The opening session was followed by a short break prior to the selection of the Cultural Capital of the Turkic World 2020 and of illustrious personalities of the Turkic World to be commemorated throughout the year 2020.
Khiva was declared Cultural Capital of the Turkic World 2020
Upon suggestion by the Deputy Minister of Culture of Uzbekistan Kamola Akilova, the city of Khiva in Turkmenistan was proposed as Cultural Capital of the Turkic World 2020. This proposal was unanimously approved by the Permanent Council.
The meeting went on with a film on Khiva and a presentation by the Deputy Minister of Culture of Uzbekistan Mrs. Akilova.
Mrs. Akilova who stressed that the ancient city of Khiva in Uzbekistan is one of the unique examples of medieval architecture which has been home to many civilizations and religions ever since its establishment on the Great Silkroad in the 17th Century.
Mrs. Akilova reminded of the fact that the city of Khiva was included in the World Heritage list of UNESCO on December 12th, 1990.
Mrs. Akilova who said that the "Ichan Kale" Open Air Museum is one of the most ancient museums of Uzbekistan further added: "Ichan Kale features 54 historical monuments and 360 houses with 2,600 inhabitants. Besides, Ichan Kale features approximately 40 artefacts of cultural heritage reflecting the history and culture of Khorezm dating back to 3 thousand years."
The year 2020 has been dedicated to the 175th anniversary of the birthday of the famous Kazak scholar Abay Kunanbay
Upon suggestion by the Deputy Minister of Culture and Sports of Kazakhstan Nurkisa Dauyeshov, the year 2020 has been dedicated to the commemoration of the famous kazak scholar Abay Kunanbay. Following the unanimous aproval of this suggestion, the Deputy Minister of Culture and Sports of Kazakhstan Nurkisa Dauyeshov gave some information on Kunanbay.
The 37th Term Meeting of the Permanent Council of TURKSOY ended with the decisions made regarding the items of the agenda and the signature thereof
Follwoing the meeting the Mayor of Osh Taalaybek Sarybashov and TURKSOY Secretary General Dusen Kasseinov extended souvenirs to delegation members and guests who attended the event.
Inauguration of a Friendship Memorial of TURKSOY in Osh
The 37th Term Meeting of the Permanent Council of TURKSOY was followed by the inauguration of the Friendship Memorial of TURKSOY in Osh which took place in a ceremony gathering members of the permanent council along with many citizens of Osh.
The Park and Friendship Memorial of TURKSOY which is a gift of the Mayor of Osh Taalaybek Sarybashov to TURKSOY features flags of Turkic states along with a hand-shaking pattern as a symbol of cooperation.
Khiva - Cultural Capital of the Turkic World 2020
With its history dating back to 2500 years according to archeologists, the city of Khiva is famous for its ancient fresh water wells which have been preserved until today in the inner city of Khiva, "Ichankale".
The city has undergone countless destructions and wars throughout its history and reached its current appearance in the 18th-19th centuries.
Khiva was one of the most important cities of the Khwarazmian dynasty which founded many Turkic states throughout history. As such it is situated in the furthest Eastern part of the territory which hosted Oghuz Turks in Eurasia. After its conquest by the Arabs in 712, it became part of the Muslim World together with other cities of Central Asia. Khiva was part of various states ranging from the Gaznelis to the Seljuks, Enushtegins and Sheybanis. Despite the fact that it was totally destroyed by the army of Chingis Khan, the city still exists today. Indeed, it became the capital of the Khiva Khanate in 1598 and became famous for its madrasahs, minarets, masjids and gates in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Ichankale, the inner city of Khiva
With its inner city and rare architectural monuments, the city of Khiva which has been an important city of the Silkroad in political and cultural terms is one of the very few muesum-cities in the world.
With 54 historical monuments and 360 houses, the inner city is currently home to two thousand six hundred inhabitants. No immigration is allowed in the inner city of Khiva which has preserved its historical structure up until today.
Ichankale which is the very heart of the city of Khiva is surrounded by ramparts which are 8 meters high, 5 meters thick and 2 thousand meters long and feature many towers and porches “Bahçe Kapı”, “Pehlivan Kapı”, “Taş Kapı”, “Çift Kapı” and “Ata Kapı”. Thanks to this fortification, the city of Khiva has stood against many ennemies’ attacks.
Minarets reaching out to the sky
Khiva’s minarets which reach out to the sky are characterized by an architectural style of their own and stand out from the many historical monuments of the city. Traditional Central Asian-Turkic architecture features at least one minaret per masjid, and this explains why the city of Khiva has so many minarets.
The Islamhoja Minaret which is the highest minaret of the city with a height of 44,6 meters is located in the very center of Ichankale. The construction of this minaret was completed in 1908. Hence, it is one of the most recent monuments of the city which historically dates back to thousands of years.
With its height of 26 meters, the “Kalta Minar” (low) minaret which was built in 1855 is another important monument of Central Asian Turkic architecture. In view of the pedestal of the minaret which has a diameter of 14,2 meters, experts came to the conclusion that the Kalta Minar minaret was initially planned to be the highest minaret of Central Asia. However, due to unknown reasons, the construction of this minaret was apparently interrupted so that the Kalta Minar minaret became the lowest minaret of the region.
Mosques and Madrasahs: Khiva’s centers of science and knowledge
The Shergazihan Madrasah is not only one of the oldest monuments of the city but is also known for the many scholars and savants who studied there. Indeed, the famous Turkmen poet Magtumguly is also known to have studied here. According to hearsay, slaves rose up in a rebellion against the ruler and decapitated him because the construction of the madrasah took too long. Hence, following the completion of the contruction of the minaret, Munis, the historian and poet of the time ordered that the words “Dad as gulaman” (Clamour due to slaves) be written on the wall of the madrasah. This inscription still exposes the bitter history of the madrasah’s construction.
The “Juma Masjid” social complex which was built in Ichankale in the 10th century and is the older mosque in Central Asia stands apart with its original architecture. Indeed, it features 210 wooden columns which support the cupola of the mosque and are a unique example of the exquisite art of wood carving.